This document stated that several nutrients are eaten in lesser amounts than that needed to achieve adequate intakes according to the Institute of Medicine. The following were identified as shortfall nutrients; vitamins A, D, E, C, and folate; calcium, magnesium, potassium, and fiber. Of these nutrients, calcium, potassium, vitamin D and fiber were identified as nutrients of concern for public health, because their low intakes have been identified in the scientific literature as related to unhealthy outcomes.
It was also noted that two nutrients, sodium and saturated fat are eaten in greater amounts by the U. S. population compared to the Tolerable Upper Intake levels and that this can increase health risks. Although the Nutrition Facts label carried by most prepared foods contains the content of some of these nutrients, including sodium and saturated fat, unfortunately, many of those in the first paragraph are not required on the label are not listed. More on the Nutrition Facts label in a following blog.